By Dr Vishal Rao U S
Second Hand smoking kills - Protect passive smokers
For the health benefits of customers visiting hotels and restaurants,the Karnataka Pradesh Hotel and Restaurant Association (KPHRA) and Bruhat Bangalore Hotel Association (BBHA) In association of the health department joined hands to initiate some measures. hotel managements Joined together to implement some measures for the better implementation of Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products Act(COTPA), 2003. To brief media about the steps/initiatives taken by both the associations and health department, they called for a joint press conference on 23rd December 2013 at KAS Officers Association hall, Bangalore at 10.30 am. Health Minister could not make it to the event because of some unavoidable reasons hence Dr K B Eshwarappa, Deputy Director - Health and Family welfare Dept also In-charge of State anti-tobacco cell represented him. Mr Ramachandra Upadhya, President, Karnataka Pradesha Hotels and Restaurants association(KPHRA), Mr Chandrashekar Hebbar, President, Bruhat Bangalore Hotels association(BBHA), Mr Ramamurthy, Secretary, BBHA, Mr Nagaraj, Secretary, KPHRA and Dr Vishal Rao Addressed the media.
Second hand smoking I'll effects
Tobacco is the foremost preventable cause of death and disease in the world today. Tobacco is a risk factor for 6 out the 8 leading causes of death. Globally approx. 6 million people die each year as result of diseases resulting from tobacco consumption and if urgent action is not taken, the death toll could rise to more than eight million by 2030. As per the Report of Tobacco Control in India (2004) it is estimated that nearly 8-9 lakh people die every year due to diseases related to tobacco use and 5500 youth start tobacco use every day.
As per the recent Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS-Karnataka ) the About 37% adults were exposed to secondhand smoke at public places (includes airports). Likewise as per the per the Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) 2009 conducted among the age group of 13-15 years 21.9% youths are exposed to second-hand smoke in their homes. 26.4% have one or more parents who smoke.
Secondhand smoke is the combination of smoke from the burning end of a cigarette and the smoke breathed out by smokers. Secondhand smoke contains more than 7000 chemicals. Hundreds are toxic and about 70 can cause cancer. There is no risk-free level of exposure to secondhand smoke. The exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) is known to cause serious health problems among adults and children alike. Exposure of adults to secondhand smoke causes cardiovascular disease, coronary heart disease and lung cancer. Nonsmokers who are exposed to secondhand smoke at home or at work increase their risk of developing heart disease by 25 - 30 percent and lung cancer by 20 - 30 percent
Second Hand Smoke Exposure: Health effects on Children
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), which is the sudden, unexplained, unexpected death of an infant in the first year of life, is the leading cause of death in otherwise healthy infants. Secondhand smoke increases the risk for SIDS. Smoking by women during pregnancy increases the risk for SIDS; and infants who are exposed to secondhand smoke after birth are also at greater risk for SIDS.
Chemicals in secondhand smoke appear to affect the brain in ways that interfere with its regulation of infants' breathing.
Infants who die from SIDS have higher concentrations of nicotine in their lungs and higher levels of cotinine (a biological marker for secondhand smoke exposure) than infants who die from other causes.
Secondhand smoke can cause serious health problems in children. Studies show that older children whose parents smoke get sick more often. Their lungs grow less than children who do not breathe secondhand smoke, and they get more bronchitis and pneumonia. Wheezing and coughing are more common in children who breathe secondhand smoke.
Secondhand smoke can trigger an asthma attack in a child. Children with asthma who are around secondhand smoke have more severe and frequent asthma attacks.
Children whose parents smoke around them get more ear infections. They also have fluid in their ears more often and have more operations to put in ear tubes for drainage.